The 30 different bodywork types and their traits

When looking to buy a car, it is common practice to see in the description words such as “sedan,” “coupe,” “minivan,” “sedan,” and “convertible,” amongst a significant number of other options.

At first glance, and especially for those entering this industry for the first time by purchasing their first vehicle, these terms will seem incomprehensible; however, once you have a solid understanding of what they correspond to, everything will fall into place.

The 30 different bodywork types and their traits

There are several different kinds of bodywork that a car can have.

In addition, to supply readers with a more in-depth knowledge of the automotive industry from this perspective, we will devote this new entry in Motorbli to talking about the 30 different types of bodywork that can be observed and studied when looking at a model.

What categories does the bodywork fall under?

After a brief introduction of rigor, it is now time to move on to the primary focus of the text; however, before doing so, it is essential to note that there are various criteria (a total of seven of which we have compiled) to classify the thirty distinct types of bodywork that are going to be discussed in the following paragraphs.

1. Different types of a vehicle’s bodywork based on the chassis

When determining the proper category for this component, the presence of the chassis and whether or not it is attached to the chassis will be the first considerations we look at.

Independent chassis

In the first example, the chassis is the component that is responsible for providing support and keeping all of the features in place; consequently, the bodywork is only responsible for providing a covering.

This class is found almost exclusively in commercial vehicles, specifically vans, and SUVs.

A chassis that can support itself

It is the combination of the vehicle’s chassis and bodywork and is the most frequently found in modern cars. If both components form a single structure, then we are talking about a monocoque.

On the other hand, if the latter part is joined to the former via spot welding and is required to support a portion of the structural load, then we are talking about a semi-monocoque.


It is one piece and can be disassembled into parts, which include the hood, doors, and bumpers.


It is also known as a platform with separate bodywork.

It is characterized by the union of components that are welded together to support the vehicle’s mechanical parts and the floor of the car.

Bolts serve as the connecting mechanism between the platform and the body.

2. Categories of bodywork based on the amount of space they occupy

The volumes are equal to the number of distinct areas or spaces within the vehicle and are neither greater nor smaller than those areas or rooms.

They generally consist of the trunk, the passenger compartment, the cabin, and the engine bay.

The fact that elements of one type can be combined with aspects of another kind is what differentiates one type from another:


The engine compartment, the passenger compartment, and the trunk all must occupy the same volume of space.

The benefit of this is that you will have access to a larger interior space, which can be used to store additional luggage or to accommodate an extra row of seats, depending on your needs.

Two volumes

In this particular instance, the engine is housed in a separate box, and the cabin and the trunk are housed in a third box.

Family or station wagons and hatchbacks with additional space for passengers or luggage are the automobiles that fall into this classification and are seen most frequently.

Tri-partite or Tri-volume

The engine, the passengers, and the trunk each have their own space, and they are all easily distinguishable from one another.

This becomes obvious when there is no straightforward route from the back seats to the trunk.

3. Classification of body types based on design and shape

From the perspective of design and shape, we can differentiate many more types of bodies, including the following:


This is something that is typically installed in three-volume cars.

This location has a rear window that is permanently installed.


In addition to the two or three side doors typically present, it can range anywhere from two to three volumes.


A car with a roof that can be raised to access the trunk is sometimes referred to as a “ranchera,” although this term is not widely used.

The only reason for doing this is to make it easier to get into the vehicle’s cargo area.

3-door, 5-door

The tailgate is connected to the rear window in some way.

Off-road car

It can handle driving on any terrain you throw at it. Their beginnings can be traced back to World War II, when they were used as a form of military support.

Since then, their applications in civilian life have become increasingly diverse.


As one might infer from the name, these automobiles have a top that can be folded down or retracted over the passenger compartment.


These are automobiles that have recently become popular because they combine the characteristics of off-roading and sporty driving.

4. Different types of bodies are determined by the number of doors

The number of entries a car can have is directly proportional to the number of volumes it can hold; the size of the vehicle is not nearly as important of a factor.

There are has been bodies found with the following:

Three doors

They only have front seats, so the front passengers’ seats have to be reclined to get to the back seats in the vehicle.

Because the space occupied by the cabin and the trunk is the same, the tailgate is counted as a third door because it can also be used to enter the house.

Four doors

In most cases, these automobiles have three different compartments; therefore, the trunk has its area, and the door leading to it does not have a rear window.

One seat can be accessed through each entry.


These automobiles have two volumes, just like the three-door variant, which is a feature that enables the trunk to be used as a door to enter the cabin.

On the other hand, five entries are available because the back seats each have their entrance.

5. Body types classified according to the volume of the passenger compartment

The length of the volumes that the cabin contains has a significant bearing on the size of the house.

The combination of these two aspects will, in turn, determine the amount of space available for passengers and their luggage.

In this sense, there are distinctions made between the following typologies:

Slender and Compact

Another name for this type of performance is urban, which refers to its effectiveness in urban environments.

It typically consists of two volumes and has three entrances.


The space is easily distinguishable because it has been simplified.

However, because the interior has less space, two-seaters, two-plus-two configurations, and five-door layouts are the most common options.


These are the three names commonly referred to as two-seater convertibles, also known as “open-air” examples of coupé cars.

Convertibles are typically characterized by their lack of a roof.


It is a three-volume model in which the trunk extends beyond the rear window, which is why people frequently say it “his ass.”

Sometimes coupe versions are released, but they typically have a larger trunk.


However, although it has a very similar appearance to the sedan, it is significantly larger in both categories.

Family, touring, and station wagons come in at number 5.6.

These are passenger cars that have a shape that is more elongated than most.

Their roofs reach the rear windows in a straight line, and they have five doors and two different compartments.

6. Different types of bodies based on the contour of the back

Any characteristic that we come across in the description of a car and whose name concludes with the word “back” and has its roots in English refers to the form that the vehicle’s rear end has, which can take on a variety of guises, including the following:


It is widespread to see it in sedans, which typically have a rear window that slopes steeply downward.

Even though the fall is becoming increasingly milder to favor increased aerodynamic efficiency.

Coupe de cabriolet

It is undeniable that it is trendy in today’s society, and the explanation for this is none other than the fact that it strikes such a healthy equilibrium between the available space and aerodynamics.

They typically have either three or five doors, a hatch, and a short and certainly sloping rear overhang.


It is extremely similar to the one that came before it, but it is distinguishable from it in that it has a rear window on the fifth door slanted more steeply.

It has improved aerodynamic performance but at the expense of some cargo space in the back.


It is frequently discovered in coupes. In this particular instance, the roof slows to take the shape of the back, giving the appearance that it started earlier.

It is also referred to as such because it has an obvious athletic appearance and performs well in aerodynamics.

7. Body types that are elevated

In any scenarios covered in the following paragraphs, the body will sit higher, while the suspension will have a more excellent range of motion.

On the other hand, there are significant distinctions between the two:


The bodywork of this vehicle used to be supported by an independent chassis; however, monocoques are becoming increasingly common in self-supporting chassis.

Pickup truck or pickup

It is easy to recognize due to the smaller dimensions of the platform located behind the vehicle’s cab, which is a large open platform.

The vehicle is unusual in both its volume and shape.

SUVs and Crossover Vehicles

Although the bodies of these vehicles are comparable to those of passenger cars, they are designed to have a certain level of performance off-road without going to extremes.

The 30 different bodywork types and their traits

The development of the various bodies

The earliest evidence of the bodies came from the latter half of the eighteenth century when they were used to fashion the framework of the various wooden carriages used at the time.

In the 19th century, there was a great change with new curved shapes and the disappearance of wood as a material, which allowed for the irruption of others, such as steel and aluminum.

This allowed for a great deal of innovation.

Since then, optimizing the aerodynamics of the vehicle has been the primary focus for maximizing speed while minimizing fuel and power consumption increases.

The research done in this area has made this outcome attainable. The assembly of the parts uses a combination of different materials and metal alloys, which has reduced weight and decreased emissions of harmful pollutants.

Additionally, each component now plays a specific behavioral role by providing more resistance, which has improved safety.

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