The electric vehicle is the vehicle of the future for the automobile industry (even though there were already electric cars in 1900, but that’s another story).
But until we figure out how to make electric technology more efficient, we’ll have to do with hybrid vehicles for the time being.
So, what exactly is a hybrid? It is a motor vehicle that combines an automobile powered by an internal combustion engine with another car driven by an electric motor.
As a result, to move the drive axle, it uses at least two distinct energy sources.
This vehicle category typically uses a gasoline engine in addition to an electric one; however, some variants use diesel and electric engines, as well as compressed natural gas.
Each one has earned the ECO environmental label from the DGT, and those capable of traveling 40 kilometers using only electric power have also been awarded the 0 emissions badge.
Regarding its functionality, its propulsion system provides three distinct options, determined by whether the gasoline engine, the electric motor, or both the gasoline engine and the electric motor work in tandem to drive the wheels.
In this case, the transmission is automatic, and it may be of the dual-clutch, torque converter, or continuously variable type (widely used in Toyota and Lexus).
Because the propulsion system handles the transitions between the heat engine and the electric motor, it is considered an autonomous system.
This means that the driver is not required to constantly determine how the system should work.
This explains how a hybrid vehicle operates. On the other hand, the driver can decide which method to use while behind the wheel.
To accomplish this goal, the brands set up several driving modes that determine how the propulsion system functions.
If the hybrid battery has a sufficient charge and the maximum speed limit at which the electric motor can send power to the wheels is met, the purely electric mode will work.
This is the only condition under which the purely electric method will work.
If either of these two parameters is not met, the way will not come into operation, and the internal combustion engine will always be used to supplement or even replace it.
If the electric charge is low or excessive speed, the mode will not come into operation.
There are significant variations among hybrids regarding the type of engine that is most commonly used, whether an electric or a thermal one, and the method by which the electric power is recharged.
Let’s take a look at the various kinds of hybrids that exist.
To this point, they have become the most common sight on our roads. Combine a thermal engine with an electric motor, which can move the wheels together, but the term “thermal engine” is more common.
On the road, the vehicle behaves the same way a regular automobile would.
The car does not need to be plugged into any power outlet, and the refueling process can continue as normal.
Nevertheless, the electric motor is strong enough to propel the vehicle forward without human assistance.
In most instances, however, this technology was developed with urban use in mind specifically.
The heat engine will be implemented whenever there is a requirement for rapid acceleration or a high top driving speed. You can save a significant amount of fuel when traveling a short distance.
The Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicle (MHEV) technology integrates a traditional internal combustion engine with an electric system fed by a battery rated at 48 volts.
The internal combustion engine can be turned off at low speeds or when the vehicle is stopped, and the 48V starter-generator motor can then be used to restart the machine whenever required.
When applying the brakes or letting off the accelerator, the vehicle’s regenerative braking system will automatically recharge the 48V lithium battery.
Connecting the battery to a power source, such as an electrical outlet, is no requirement.
As a result of the combination of these factors, fuel consumption, as well as CO2 emissions, are lowered, which results in a vehicle that is both more environmentally friendly and more efficient.
The electric motor is much more powerful than the heat engine. Still, the gasoline engine isn’t used until the battery has used up all its capacity to store electrical energy.
To put it another way, it is a vehicle that always operates in the same manner as an electric vehicle.
Still, it uses an internal combustion engine to increase its range. The BMW i3 is the best illustration of this.
The issue is that while there are no CO2 emissions produced during electric consumption, once the thermal engine is turned on, those emissions skyrocket to more than 100 grams of CO2, which is more than the new emission regulations in Europe.
The gasoline engine, electric motor, and high-voltage battery are the components combined in a plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV).
This type of vehicle offers the advantages of both conventional and alternative powertrains.
Because of this, it is possible to cut down on the amount of fuel used and carbon dioxide emissions.
Integrating the two systems results in improved overall performance and a greater capacity for acceleration.
In a nutshell, the customer is responsible for determining, in light of how he typically travels, which category of hybrid vehicle best suits his needs.
Because it is a forward-thinking and ground-breaking model, it has benefits and drawbacks that need to be considered.
The first and most noticeable benefit is that the hybrid system is better for the environment than traditional automobiles.
This is just one of the many advantages. Because of the strength of the electric motor, they have a lower energy consumption rate.
Some governments have offered tax breaks and other incentives to encourage people to purchase hybrid vehicles. You shouldn’t be afraid to inquire about them at the dealership.
Because of all these factors, it is the ideal vehicle for driving in the city; if you don’t need it for traveling long distances, it can be yours.
Because there is almost no noise pollution, you will not only have a positive mental state, but you will also have a respectful relationship with your neighbors.
On the other hand, following the benefits is a list of drawbacks. The cost of a hybrid model can be expected to be greater than that of a conventional one.
They still do not have the power and autonomy we would like for them.
On the other hand, the costs associated with maintenance are typically higher.
And say your prayers that the battery doesn’t die on you because replacing it can be costly if there is no warranty.
The last disadvantage, but certainly not the least, is that a specific hybrid pollutes when they have to pull the thermal engine, just like a conventional car. This is not the case for all combinations, however.
After conducting a search on Google for “hybrid cars,” we were presented with four sponsored ads: one each from BMW, Mini, Mazda, and Toyota.
Because their hybrid vehicles are not as well known, have they increased the amount of money they spend on advertising?
Or is it because they are the only brands that can brag about producing quality vehicles in this category?
In general, savvy customers are already familiar with these four brands, which means they already have market recognition. Despite this, most people are still hesitant to wager money on them.
Let’s find out what they recommend as the best course of action for us, shall we?
The innovative drive concept of the BMW 3 Series plug-in hybrid comprises the brand new and even more potent BMW TwinPower Turbo 4-cylinder gasoline engine, the highly efficient eDrive electric motor, and technologies from BMW EfficientDynamics.
They can produce a combined output of up to 215 kW for the system as a whole (292 hp1).
The result is significantly reduced fuel consumption, increased power, and improved acceleration.
To put it in numbers: remarkable torque and an average fuel consumption range of 1.6-1.9 liters per 100 kilometers. Plug-in hybrid versions of the BMW 3 Series can reach top speeds of up to 230 kilometers per hour and go from 0 to 100 kilometers per hour in 5.9 seconds. The maximum distance that can be traveled solely on electric power is 68 kilometers.
Because of its signature agility, the versatility of all-wheel drive, and an electric motor that can generate instant power while emitting zero emissions, each of your journeys will be as environmentally friendly as they are electrifying.
In addition, the battery of the most recent generation has a capacity that has been increased to 10.0 kWh, which means that you will be able to drive up to 57 km solely using the electric mode of the vehicle.
Your daily maintenance costs and carbon footprint will decrease due to this change.
To put the cherry on top of this sundae, the total amount of taxes connected to your vehicle will reduce significantly.
You won’t have to pay the congestion charges levied in cities where they are applicable.
The all-new MINI 100% Electric is based on the legendary first-generation MINI in every single way, but it’s been upgraded for use on future roads.
It has the feel of a legendary go-kart, an unmistakable design, and premium qualities, in addition to an emission-free driving mode in its immediate vicinity.
It is powered by a 96-cell, 32.6 kWh (gross capacity) high-voltage battery mounted under the floor.
Because it is mounted in this location, it has a shallow center of gravity, improving the vehicle’s stability and handling and making cornering more exciting.
This is MINI in its most potent and sophisticated incarnation ever created.
Toyota is the company that has placed most of its bets on hybrid automobiles, and they have already mixed products that account for almost half of the total inventory.
Consolidated models include the Yaris model, the Corolla, the Corolla Touring Sports model, the Corolla Sedan model, the Camry model, the Toyota C-HR model, the RAV4 model, and the 7-seater Prius+ model.
The Highlander and the Prius Plug-in are available for purchase in 2021, and the New Yaris Cross will be on the market soon.
According to us, one of these brands that are in the worst position is Mazda. Mazda’s website does not provide much information about hybrid models.
There are three different models: the New Mazda2 2020, the New Mazda3, and the New Mazda CX-30.
When it comes down to it, however, you will find that they do not offer detailed information on their official website; instead, you will need to request to obtain the information.
There is no mention of the cars’ autonomy or fuel consumption, but the vehicles’ characteristics are generic.
In conclusion: a present that is more hybrid than it has ever been.
The companies most interested in selling hybrid cars have begun to promote more plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.
This is likely because plug-in hybrid electric vehicles comply with EU emissions regulations better than other hybrid vehicles.
There will soon be times when environmental rules and standards go through periods of change.
Things move quickly: in Barcelona, public charging stations have recently begun to require users to pay, which has led to drivers of plug-in hybrid vehicles expressing dissatisfaction.
But if the regulatory framework in your area appears to be straightforward and you use your vehicle for day-to-day errands, you shouldn’t be afraid to purchase a hybrid car.
Taking care of the environment will ultimately benefit us in the long run.
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